The 2011 downgrade of the U.S. debt rating, and the massive market sell-off that it triggered, serve as a reminder that there is no substitute for thoughtful and responsible representatives in Congress. We need members who understand the real nature of the problems we face, and act the long-term best interests of the people they serve - rather than out of rigid ideology.
While both parties share some responsibility for our federal debt, the situation is far from symmetric:
Most of this debt reduction is due to the economic recovery following the stimulus. The next significant factor has been the dramatic drop in health care cost growth since the passage of the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare).
Only a small fraction (<10%) of the deficit reduction has been due to the Ryan-Murray "Fiscal Cliff" budget deal, since it delayed most cuts to later years, reduced demand by further reducing disposable income of the middle class, and shifted spending towards military expenditures that do not contribute to long-term economic growth.
THE WAY FORWARD ON OUR NATIONAL DEBT
The loss of the United States' AAA credit rating - and the trillion-dollar market sell-off that resulted - would have been avoided if agreement had been reached on a "grand bargain" to reduce our deficits. President Obama's Bipartisan Deficit Commission produced such a plan. At its heart was a compromise that reduced debt by $4T using a mixture of 75% spending cuts and 25% tax increases. A similar compromise by President Reagan relied on 75% Tax increases and 25% spending cuts.
Key to this compromise was the recognition that spending for economic stimulus was necessary to prevent the collapse of demand during the financial crisis, but that the debt from this spending must be paid back as the economy recovers.
This compromise approach was supported by the majority of Americans. So why did it not happen?
The short answer is that ideological anti-tax pledges signed by a majority of Republicans - including every member of the Illinois Republican delegation - meant they had pledged to refuse to negotiate or compromise. In a situation where the vast majority of our national debt is due to Republican policies, this will lead to disaster.